Baseball has actually always been as much a science as it is a sport: A sportswriter presented the box rating in 1859, and 30 years back, the Padres’ Tony Gwynn originated video as a tool to improve his swing. Today, Big league Baseball’s dedication to technology is changing the game for fans, players, and coaches. In February, the MLB announced a pilot program for new guidelines and devices, including an electronic camera- and radar-based replacement for home-plate umpires. Here are five innovations teams are adopting to gain insight into gamer efficiency.

[Photo: courtesy of K-Motion Interactive]

1. K-Vest

The K-Vest places sensors on a batter’s upper torso, pelvis, and lead arm and hand to capture motion for an in-depth analysis of swing effectiveness. Each sensing unit collects 200 data points per 2nd, which are transmitted to a laptop and became a 3D rendering of swing mechanics. The system can be customized to concentrate on such things as hips rotation or upper body bend. K-Vest is currently used by 21 MLB teams, plus striking academies and individual gamers. ($ 5,500 per package, k-motion. com)

[Photo: courtesy of Diamond Kinetics]

2. SwingTracker

Currently utilized by 15 MLB teams, the SwingTracker sensing unit connects to the knob of a bat and transfers information about angles, aircrafts, and speed to produce a 3D model of a player’s swing. In the batting cage, the “damage capacity” function price quotes flight distance and the course of a ball. A budget friendly price makes it an alternative “for 10- year-olds as much as half of the MLB,” states manufacturer Diamond Kinetics’ primary business officer Jeff Schuldt. ($9999; $4.99 each month for software, diamondkinetics.com)

[Photo: courtesy of KinaTrax]

3. KinaTrax

The KinaTrax system includes 8 to 16 high-speed synchronized video electronic cameras set up along the very first- and third-base lines that capture every movement of the pitcher and hitter. The system then utilizes synthetic intelligence and artificial intelligence to supply 3D rotational and positional information for every joint in their bodies. KinaTrax needs about 10 hours to turn the video footage into information, which can make it possible for groups to determine subtle shifts in mechanics that might hamper efficiency or lead to injury. It’s currently released by 4 major-league teams, including the Tampa Bay Rays and the Boston Red Sox. ($80,000–$150,000, kinatrax.com)

[Photo: courtesy of Edgertronic]

4. Edgertronic

The Edgertronic SC1 is a high-speed camera capable of catching up to 22,000 frames per second. Groups use the slow-motion visuals to see how a pitcher’s grip changes as he launches a ball, or how subtle adjustments in finger position impact ball rotation. Edgertronic is currently utilized by a lot of MLB groups. “The baseball individuals got this early,” says Edgertronic’s inventor, Mike Matter. “I hardly ever see a consumer who’s as sophisticated about tech as our average baseball client.” ($ 6,495, edgertronic.com)

[Photo: courtesy of Rapsodo]

5. Rapsodo

Situated on the ground in between the mound and home plate, Rapsodo’s units integrate radar with an electronic camera to generate data on ball speed, velocity, and spin for pitchers and speed, spin, launch angle, and projected hit outcome for batters. Whereas other technologies focus on body mechanics, Edgertronic and Rapsodo focus on the ball. Every MLB team presently utilizes Rapsodo, as do more than 100 private players, 500 colleges, and 400 baseball academies. ($ 4,000 per unit, rapsodo.com)

A version of this post appeared in the September 2019 problem of Quick Company magazine